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Copyright: 1996 - 2024

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    Kirt Blattenberger,

    BSEE - KB3UON

RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps while tying up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got Mail" when a new message arrived...

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RF signals in tunnels - RF Cafe Forums

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Leo
 Post subject: RF signals in tunnels
Posted: Wed Oct 05, 2005 7:53 am 
Hello:

I read somewhere (maybe on RF Cafe) about special "leaky" coaxial cable that is used in tunnels to broadcast signals. Do you know if this is only used for things like AM/FM radio and emergency channels, or can it also be used for cell phone signals?

How about does anyone know of specific instances where it is being used now? I'm thinking about a SBIR (Small Business Innovation Research) project proposal for Homeland Security and want to get as much info as possible, including where it is actually working now.

Thanks,

Leo


 
  
 
kanling
 Post subject:
Posted: Wed Oct 05, 2005 11:25 am 
 
Colonel
User avatar

Joined: Mon Jul 18, 2005 4:31 pm

Posts: 43

Location: Baltimore, MD

Leaky coax is very old technology that has been used for years. Yes, it is currently used for cell phones and pagers in subway tunnels all over the place.

You will be able to get some examples from some of the vendors. Andrew calls theirs "Radiax" and Times Microwave also has a product. I'm sure there are others.


 
   
 
Leo
 Post subject:
Posted: Wed Oct 05, 2005 12:48 pm 
Thank kanling, I'll look there.

Leo


 
  
 
Audun
 Post subject:
Posted: Mon Jun 02, 2008 4:36 am 
 
Lieutenant

Joined: Mon Jun 02, 2008 2:29 am

Posts: 1

Hi Leo

I saw your post on the RF Cafe. Did you manage to find more information about leaky coax cables. I am working on a 868 MHz antenna and is interest in any kind of information on this subject.

Audun


 
   
 
FSomma
 Post subject:
Posted: Mon Jun 02, 2008 8:23 pm 
Leo,

RFS also has this cables, I've used them on a subway line and they worked pretty well..

They call them "Radiaflex":

http://www.rfsworld.com/index.php?p=226&l=1

You'll find more info on the catalogs.

FSomma


 
  
 
soyola
 Post subject: Leaky Cable Vs Fiber Optic
Posted: Mon Oct 27, 2008 5:50 pm 
 
Lieutenant

Joined: Mon Oct 27, 2008 5:32 pm

Posts: 1

Location: Los Angeles, CA

kanling is right. Leaky cables are very old technology. Some companies started using fiber optic cable to transmit signals and build repeater stations along the way.

_________________

Your solution for RF over Fiber

www.opticalzonu.com


 
   
 
nubbage
 Post subject:
Posted: Wed Oct 29, 2008 4:46 am 
 
General
User avatar

Joined: Fri Feb 17, 2006 12:07 pm

Posts: 304

Location: London UK

Hi Leo

The 22 mile-long Channel Tunnel between UK and France supports all emergengy communication for the trains and response services using a "Leaky Feeder" coaxial system for VHF and UHF. The system was put in by a JV between Motorola and Andrew Antenna Corp. many years ago (during tunnel construction work in 1987).

More modern approaches certainly focus on fibre-optic cables with drop/insert modems whereby the optical side is directly modulated /demodulated with the full radio spectrum, then a small antenna radiates the radio signal locally (eg TETRA). A power feed is obviously necessary on copper cables bundled with the optical fibre.


 
   
 
nubbage
 Post subject:
Posted: Thu Oct 30, 2008 6:58 am 
 
General
User avatar

Joined: Fri Feb 17, 2006 12:07 pm

Posts: 304

Location: London UK

Hi Leo

Two further afterthoughts:

1. You might find some interesting, although probably "academic" treatment of the topic in IEEE Trans. 1986 EMC-28 (3) a paper entitled "Experimental Study of Radio Characteristics in an Underground Street and Corridors" by Yamaguchi, Abe and Sekiguchi.

2. There is a report in the British amateur radio journal RadCom of tests at VHF, UHF and 1300MHz done in connection with emergency services and the National Rail Network in the UK. I will try to locate the reference date. I recall it concluded that 1300MHz was a very effective part of the spectrum for free radiation through concrete-lined rail tunnels to support rail accident rescue operations.


Posted  11/12/2012

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