If, as the saying goes, "Misery loves company," then you will appreciate the following.
Whilst perusing the December 2017 issue of NASA's Motion Design supplement to
their Tech Briefs
publication, I ran across the image to the right in an article titled, "Trends in Hydraulic
Filtration" (areas of interest are quite diverse here at RF Cafe).
After reading the caption stating that the holes were "fire holes," the first thing that
came to mind was ESD damage. Sure enough, upon going back and reading more of the story
Argo-Hytos), I found the following:
"In the past, conventional hydraulic oils often contained zinc dithiophosphate (ZDDP)
protecting them from wear and corrosion and acting as an antioxidant. Since this component
has now been classified as harmful, users have turned to zinc-free oils. The reduction
in the amount of organometallic additives such as ZDDP lowers the conductivity of oil.
Therefore, the elimination of this additive, e.g. in environment-friendly oil, reduces
the conductivity and increases the risk of electrostatic charging. If a non- or low-conductive
hydraulic oil flows through a system, an electrostatic charge
can be generated at the interfaces between oil and non-conductive surfaces such as filter
fleece and hoses. This charge is generated by the rapid separation
of two non-conductive surfaces. Filter elements have a large non-conductive surface,
and charge build-up increases with increasing flow velocity of the oil. As soon as the
charge quantity is large enough, discharges occur in the form
Conventional filter material could be locally destroyed by discharge flashes and associated
high temperatures. This results in holes through which dirt particles can pass unfiltered.
This leads to increased wear of hydraulic components and later to malfunctions and to
the failure of the machine. However, the high temperatures of the discharge flashes also
contribute to an accelerated oil aging, thus to a deterioration of oil properties and
to the shortening of the oil life. Oil aging-related byproducts additionally reduce the
service life of the filter elements. Also adjacent electronic components can be damaged
due to electrical discharges. To avoid such problems, the charges must be balanced.
For this purpose, a special filter element design was developed, which ensures charge
balancing and prevents destructive discharge flashes. Glass fibers in a filter element
are themselves not conductive, but, as already mentioned, the inner supporting meshes
and the outer protective mesh are made of metal."
The semiconductor industry has gone through a long, tedious, and very expensive process
of learning about and protecting against the damage caused when electrostatic charges
drain through gate regions or, in extreme cases, across insulator boundaries. It is safe
to say that the issue has been pretty much resolved through a combination of semiconductor
device construction with on-chip protection, packing changes, and establishing proper
handling procedures in the factory. The main risk these days is an ESD event occurring
at the point of use of the end product in which the IC is contained.
Who knew that a field as unassociated with semiconductor electronics as hydraulic
filters is would be experiencing the same ESD challenges? As with electronics, the problem
only really began to manifest itself once the scale of critical features began shrinking
in size. For ICs it was gate thickness; for hydraulics it was filter hole sizes.
Note: You, too, can receive a free copy of
NASA Tech Briefs in the mail if you qualify
(which typically means you have a pulse).
BTW, for those of you not around in the 1970s, the "not just for semiconductors anymore"
line was borrowed from the Florida orange juice industry's "It isn't just for breakfast
These original Kirt's Cogitations™
may be reproduced (no more than 5, please) provided proper credit is given to me, Kirt
to return to the Table of Contents.
– noun: Concerted thought or reflection; meditation; contemplation.
Kirt [kert] – proper noun: RF Cafe webmaster.
These items are an archive of past Topical Smorgasbord items that have appeared on the RF Cafe homepage. In keeping with the "cafe"
genre, these tidbits of information are truly a smorgasbord of topics. They all pertain to topics that are related to the general engineering
and science theme of RF Cafe. Note: There is also a huge collection of my 'Factoids' (aka 'Kirt's Cogitations') that might interest you as well.