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RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps while tying up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got Mail" when a new message arrived...

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Anatech Electronics January 2021 Newsletter

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Anatech Electronics Header: January 2021 Newsletter

 

Sam Benzacar of Anatech Electronics, an RF and microwave filter company, has published his January newsletter that features his short op−ed entitled "In a Digital World, Analog Filters Stand Their Ground." It points out that with few exceptions, even the most sophisticated digital RF systems require some form of analog filter at the input (receiver) or output (transmitter). Power levels and aliasing components of sampled systems keep digital (software) filters from being used universally. That bodes well for the world's analog filter companies, including Anatech. Sam also presents some relevant industry news items as well.

A Word from Sam Benzacar

In a Digital World, Analog Filters Stand Their Ground

Anatech Electronics January 2020 Newsletter (Sam Benzacar) - RF CafeBy Sam Benzacar

As readers of this column surely know, the "digitalization" of electronic systems is inexorably moving toward becoming exclusively digital. That is, any function that can be performed digitally will be because of the many benefits obtained when an analog signal is converted to the digital domain. Some microwave technology has remained an outlier in this respect, either because a function cannot be adequately performed as well digitally or that the operating frequency is higher than what digital technology can address.

There is no better example in this respect than the direct RF sampling receiver (Figure 1) that places the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) as near the source of the input signal as possible. This effectively eliminates most of the RF components in the signal path, such as the mixer and local oscillator, because these functions are now performed digitally. The only impediment to using this approach is the limitation of the ADC, whose sampling rate and thus instantaneous bandwidth determines whether a downconverter is necessary to reduce the input frequency to a lower one that can be accommodated by current ADC technology.

Direct RF sampling receivers are rapidly replacing the venerable heterodyne architecture (Figure 2) in a wide array of systems, and especially in the software-defined radio (SDR). In fact, the SDR concept inherently uses direct RF sampling as its foundation, after which all functions are performed in the digital domain and configured and reconfigured via software.

What's interesting, though, is that while direct RF sampling erases multiple analog components, two remain: the low-noise amplifier and the bandpass and anti-aliasing filters.

We at Anatech Electronics obviously have an affinity for filters: We've been designing and manufacturing them for 30 years and helping thousands of engineers specify and use them effectively. So, we're not surprised that in an increasingly digital world, the filter is still an analog component that in many cases is irreplaceable and will continue to be for many years to come.

A direct RF sampling receiver consisting of only a low-noise amplifier, filters, and the ADC. In some cases, the second (anti-aliasing) filter is not necessary.

A traditional heterodyne receiver consists of a bandpass filter, low-noise amplifier, mixer, and local oscillator.

 


Budget Glitch Stalls New NOAA AESA Radar

Budget Glitch Stalls New NOAA AESA Radar - RF CafeThe National Science Foundation has rejected a National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) plan to design and build it airborne phased-array radar (APAR) that would support weather operations at NOAA. The radar would be mounted on aircraft and flown into storms, scanning hurricanes and other storms in all directions. Compared with the current generation of Doppler radars mounted on the tails of the NOAA's hurricane hunter P-3 Orion aircraft, APAR is vastly superior in its ability to gather information. NOAA had hoped to put the system into its updated fleet of hurricane hunter aircraft in the next decade. Its aging fleet of P-3 turboprops flew a record 58 missions in 2020 and are likely to need replacing by 2030. NOAA plans to use C-130 aircraft for which APAR is being designed.


Pandemic Slows IoT Deployments

Pandemic Slows IoT Deployments - RF CafeA report issued by the research organization IoT Analytics cited 10 factors that advanced (or hindered IoT development last year. The analysts found that interest in IoT dropped by 15% from the start of the pandemic but the markets remain strong. Applications that advanced include contact tracing, product tracking and verification (including for vaccines), and enabling touchless technology. The report noted 2021 looks much better, as the pandemic has accelerated interest in using IoT in healthcare other scenarios.

 


FCC Funds Broadband Internet Service

FCC Funds Broadband Internet Service - RF CafeThe FCC late last year awarded $9.2 billion in funding to help companies provide broadband Internet service to millions of Americans without access to reliable service. Among the big winners was Elon Musk's SpaceX, which has been launching dozens of satellites at a time in a bold attempt to build a massive constellation in space that would help serve remote or rural areas. The company received $886 million from the FCC to help serve hundreds of thousands of customers in 35 states, a huge boost in its quest to pull off a feat even Musk has said had a high likelihood of failure. Other winners were LTD Broadband, Charter Communications, and the Rural Electric Cooperative Consortium, each receiving a little over $1 billion.


RF Switch Technology Advances

RF Switch Technology Advances - RF CafeU.S. Army-funded research has developed an RF switch that is more than 50 times more energy-efficient than current technology. The Army Combat Capabilities Development Command's Army Research Laboratory, researchers at The University of Texas at Austin, and the University of Lille in France, were involved in the research. Its characteristics would benefit smartphones and other battery-powered devices because unlike typical RF switches it draws no current when not operational. The technology can transmit an HDTV stream at 100 GHz and is the first that can function at terahertz frequencies. The switch is based on the nanomaterial hexagonal boron nitride within the graphene family. The structure has a single layer of boron and nitrogen atoms in a honeycomb pattern sandwiched between a pair of gold electrodes.


 

Getting Ready for 5G:

Anatech Electronics introduce New Ka band 30.5 GHz Waveguide Band Pass Filter. Featuring a center frequency of 30.5 GHz, a bandwidth of 1000 MHz, an Insertion Loss 1 dB Max, and a Power Handling is 20 watts.

Ka band 30.5GHz Waveguide Band Pass Filter - RF Cafe


Anatech Electronics Introduces a New Line of Suspended Stripline and Waveguide Type RF Filters

Anatech Electronics Waveguide Filters - RF Cafe

LINKS: Waveguide Bandstop & Waveguide Bandpass 

Anatech Electronics Suspended Stripline Filters - RF Cafe

LINKS:  Suspended Stripline Highpass  & Suspended Stripline Lowpass


Check out Our Filter Products

Anatech Electronics Cavity Band Pass Filters       Anatech Electronics LC Bandpass Filters - RF Cafe       Anatech Electronics Cavity Bandpass/Notch Filters - RF Cafe

    Cavity Band Pass Filters             LC Band Pass Filters           Cavity Bandstop/Notch Filter

About Anatech Electronics

Anatech Electronics, Inc. (AEI) specializes in the design and manufacture of standard and custom RF and microwave filters and other passive components and subsystems employed in commercial, industrial, and aerospace and applications. Products are available from an operating frequency range of 10 kHz to 30 GHz and include cavity, ceramic, crystal, LC, and surface acoustic wave (SAW), as well as power combiners/dividers, duplexers and diplexers, directional couplers, terminations, attenuators, circulators, EMI filters, and lightning arrestors. The company's custom products and capabilities are available at www.anatechelectronics.com.

Contact:

Anatech Electronics, Inc.

70 Outwater Lane

Garfield, NJ 07026

(973) 772-4242

sales@anatechelectronics.com

 

 

Posted January 28, 2021

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