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Multi-Gigabit Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Wireless Communications
RF Cafe Quiz #34

RF Engineering Quizzes - RF CafeAll RF Cafe Quizzes make great fodder for employment interviews for technicians or engineers - particularly those who are fresh out of school or are relatively new to the work world. Come to think of it, they would make equally excellent study material for the same persons who are going to be interviewed for a job. Bonne chance, Viel Glück, がんばろう, buena suerte, удачи, in bocca al lupo, 행운을 빕니다, ádh mór, בהצלחה, lykke til, 祝你好運. Well, you know what I mean: Good luck!

Click here for the complete list of RF Cafe Quizzes.

Note: Some material based on books have quoted passages.

RF Cafe Featured Book - Multi-Gigabit Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Wireless CommunicationsThis quiz is based on the information presented in Multi-Gigabit Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Wireless Communications, by Jonathan Wells. Artech House is the publisher.

1.  Which entity is the primary regulatory agency in the world with responsibility for coordinating

     shared global use of the radio spectrum?

a)  WWR (World Wide Radio)

b)  GCU (Global Communications Union)

c)  URU (Universal Radio Union)

d)  ITU (International Telecommunication Union)



2.  What is a primary obstacle to FSO (Free Space Optics) terrestrial usage?

a)  Very high attenuation

b)  Nighttime-only operation

c)  Difficulty generating the light

d)  FM radio interference



3.  Which condition causes the least amount of attenuation on electromagnetic signals?

a)  Moist air

b)  Dry air

c)  High wind

d)  Low wind



4.  What is the equation for determining attenuation factor (specific attenuation) due to snow and ice?

     (R=snowfall rate in mm/hr, λ=wavelength in mm)

a)  Attenuation Factor = λ/R

b)  Attenuation Factor = λ/R2

c)  Attenuation Factor = λ/R3

d)  Attenuation Factor = [(0.00349*R1.6)/λ4] + [(0.00224*R)/λ]



5.  What is the equation for determining attenuation due to foliage?

     (f=frequency in MHz, R=depth of foliage in m)

a)  Loss = 10 log (f2R)

b)  Loss = 20 log (fR)

c)  Loss = 20R log (f)

d)  Loss = 0.2f0.3R0.6



6.  What is a primary feature of a plesiochronous digital hierarchy (PDH) system?

a)  Running in a state where different parts of the network are nearly,

     but not quite perfectly, synchronized

b)  Having features discovered in the Plesioic era

c)  Operating in an orthogonally asynchronous state

d)  Using a deterministic hierarchy



RF Cafe - 256 QAM constellation with phase noise7.  What does the image to the right depict?

a)  An NTSC test signal for CATV

b)  256 QAM with phase noise

c)  The whirlpool constellation

d)  RF astigmatism



8.  Which frequencies in the 60 GHz band are allocated by the FCC for unlicensed use?

a)  57 to 64 GHz

b)  Only at 60 GHz

c)  71 to 74 GHz

d)  There are no unlicensed bands at 60 GHz



9.  What is a link budget?

a)  The cost of a communications system

b)  The total link count in a communications system

c)  A fictitious number representing system performance

d)  An accounting of all gains and losses in a communications system



10.  Which city would likely have higher 23 GHz system availability due to weather?

a)  Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

b)  New Your City, USA

c)  Sydney, Australia

d)  Singapore, Singapore


Need some help? Click here for the answers and explanations.

About RF Cafe

Kirt Blattenberger - RF Cafe Webmaster

1996 - 2024


Kirt Blattenberger,


RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps while tying up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got Mail" when a new message arrived...

Copyright  1996 - 2026

All trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other rights of ownership to images and text used on the RF Cafe website are hereby acknowledged.

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