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 About RF Cafe Copyright: 1996 - 2024Webmaster:    Kirt Blattenberger,     BSEE - KB3UON RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps while typing up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got Mail" when a new message arrived... All trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other rights of ownership to images and text used on the RF Cafe website are hereby acknowledged. My Hobby Website: AirplanesAndRockets.com

# Noise Figure  <-->  Noise Temperature Calculator

This JavaScript calculator converts between noise figure and the equivalent noise temperature.

Conversion Between Noise Figure
and Noise Temperature

Noise Temperature (K) = TREF *

Noise Figure (dB) = 10 * log10

Note that unless otherwise specified TRef = 290 K

So, just what is noise temperature and why is it used? Simply put, noise temperature is the temperature at which a resistor at the component / system input would generate the same amount of noise measured at the output. It goes back to the familiar kTB calculation for thermal noise power. Noise temperature is often used in calculating the overall noise figure of a system that includes an antenna at the input. That is because strictly speaking, a 1-port device like an antenna cannot be defined in terms of noise figure. If you begin with a system at room temperature (290 K) and add a component at the input that itself has a noise temperature of 290 K, the doubling of noise power increases the overall noise figure by 3 dB (2*290-290=290). A 6 dB increase is a 4x increase in noise power (4*290-290=870). Cascaded noise temperature is done just like with noise figure.

Numerical inputs are not error trapped but are converted to absolute values (no negatives).
Calculated values do not change until the "Calculate" button is clicked.

 Reference Temperature: K Noise Figure: dB = Noise Temperature: K =
 NF(dB) TN (°K) NF(dB) TN (°K) 0.1 7 2.1 180 0.2 14 2.2 191 0.3 21 2.3 202 0.4 28 2.4 214 0.5 35 2.5 226 0.6 43 2.6 238 0.7 51 2.7 250 0.8 59 2.8 263 0.9 67 2.9 275 1.0 75 3.0 289 1.1 84 3.1 302 1.2 92 3.2 316 1.3 101 3.3 330 1.4 110 3.4 344 1.5 120 3.5 359 1.6 129 3.6 374 1.7 139 3.7 390 1.8 149 3.8 406 1.9 159 3.9 422 2.0 170 4.0 438
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