June 1956 Popular Electronics
Table of Contents
Wax nostalgic about and learn from the history of early electronics. See articles
published October 1954 - April 1985. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.
(but getting less so) before my time, the mention of this
airborne radar surveillance system having been built by
Electric, in Utica, New York, struck a chord since that is where I had my first engineering
job after having graduated from the University of Vermont with a BSEE degree. It seems
to me the work at the time was all done in the converted textile complex on Broad Street.
They were the glory days
of GE, Westinghouse,
Collins, Raytheon, and other electronics titans whose engineers, technicians, assemblers,
and program managers changed the world. The airplanes and equipment used here were precursors
to our modern
1956 must have been a big year for the General Electric plant in Utica, New York,
where I had my first engineering job right out of college, because I recently posted
- Are We Open to Sneak Attack? article that also referenced the location.
Aboard a Radar Picket Plane
Two dozen men live and work together in giant aircraft
whose super radar system guards against sneak air attack
New and powerful, the airborne radar built by General Electric is
carried by this Lockheed long-range high-altitude reconnaissance scout, patterned after
the Super-Constellation transport (Navy designation, WV-2; Air Force designation, RC-121).
Radar antennas are mounted inside bubble-like structures ("radomes") atop and below aircraft's
fuselage. Both Navy and Air Force use giant planes as flying radar stations off East
and West coasts where they supplement the "radar fences" that guard against sneak air
Phantom view of radar plane shows main cabin where radar operators
monitor displays on screens. Rotating "dish" antennas are housed in both upper and lower
turrets. Information received is coordinated in Combat Information Center aboard aircraft.
This flying CIC can plot course of enemy invaders and then direct our own fighter planes
to repel any attack. According to G.E., the radar is twice as powerful as any previous
airborne search unit.
High-flying radar stations will extend the detection range of existing
land-based units whose beams do not bend over the horizon. Provisions built into the
equipment permit its use in anti-submarine action, aeronautical weather reconnaissance,
and navigational aid, in addition to its chief function of aircraft detection. About
six tons of electronic equipment are carried on one plane, in addition to a crew of thirty
men. At left is a special test rig built by G.E. at Utica, N. Y.; this mock installation
simulates setup on plane, removes system's "bugs" before use in real situation is permitted.
Inside the main cabin, looking aft. Each operator is responsible
for observing a particular segment of the total area being scanned by the rotating antennas.
Weight and size of the equipment has been kept down, despite increased power. Chassis
are readily removed for easy inspection and quick maintenance.
Radar operator, one of a large team of observers, studies screen
of indicator 'scope. Displays on screen show "pictures" of distant planes, giving range
and bearing. In recent maneuvers, carrier-based fighter planes played role of "enemy
attackers" and were repelled by land-based fighters. "Enemy" carrier was "sunk" by defenders
using data supplied by radar plane, whose crew never even saw the "attacking" carrier
or its aircraft.
Information received on radar screens is coordinated and verified
in another part of the cabin. These men maintain radio contact with other aircraft and
with surface stations. Special apparatus automatically distinguishes between friendly
and enemy aircraft, is virtually foolproof. Often these planes are used as part of a
large force which includes blimps and ships.
Time out for coffee and ... A complete galley, as well as bunks,
helps keep the crew well-fed and refreshed. Staying high in the air for 24 hours or longer,
each aircraft carries two crews for all stations. The double staff assures that rested
men are available at all limes for any emergency. Planes work with each other and with
Posted March 7, 2016