Electrostatic discharge is a primary concern for electronic assemblies from the integrated circuit level right up to the end product. Much science and engineering has gone into developing protection circuitry and handling techniques to reduce the likelihood of damage by ESD. A vital aspect of electrostatic discharge susceptibility is related to shielding of the microcircuits that have increasingly small gate widths and dielectric thicknesses. Huge amounts of resources have been invested in mitigating the effects of ESD. One part of the solution is to adequately shied the circuitry that does not have direct exposure to the outside world. Part of the qualification for ESD ruggedness of a final product is to zap (that's actually a technical term) the chassis in multiple locations to be sure there are no breaches in shielding that will permit a discharge path inside.
Please see the EMC / EMI / RFI Resources page for more related links.
Battling a BattleBot ESD Issue
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) & Electrical Overstress (EOS) Manufacturers & Services
An Introduction to ESD | ce-mag.com/99ARG/ESD AssIntro169.html
Article by The ESD Association.
Basic Concepts in Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) | reade.com/Safety/esd.html | 401-433-7000 | Rhode Island
Article from Reade Advanced Materials.
Boedeker Plastics, Inc | boedeker.com/esdmatls.htm | 800-444-3485 | Shiner, TX
Resources on static electricity, resistivity test methods, ESD materials categories, and available ESD materials (static dissipative & conductive).
Electrostatic Discharge Association | esda.org | 315-339-6937 | Rome, NY
A professional voluntary association dedicated to advancing the theory and practice of electrostatic discharge (ESD) avoidance.
Electrostatics Society of America | electrostatics.org
A nonprofit professional society founded in 1970 that is devoted to the advancement and improved understanding of electrostatics.
EOS/ESD Damage Identification | national.com/appinfo/eosesd/whatsthis.htm
Includes junction damage, carbonized epoxy (plastic), oxide rupture, damaged metal or poly melted bond wire, ruptured package. From National Semiconductor.
ESD/EOS | intel.com/design/packtech/Ch_06.pdf
From the 2000 Packaging Databook, Intel.
ESD Journal | esdjournal.com
Online magazine featuring current news, articles, papers, and links related to ESD.
SD plastics.com | esdplastics.com | 408-778-5038 | Morgan Hill, CAProvides product information links, articles on conductive plastics, ESD testing and processing as well as networking opportunities with other members and top suppliers in the ESD plastics industry.
Failure Analysis Techniques for Semiconductors and Other Devices | rfdesign.com/mag/radio_failure_analysis_techniques
From RF Design Magazine, by V. Lakshminarayanan.
Human Body Model (HBM) Testing Standard | jedec.org/download/search/jesd625a.pdf
This method establishes a standard procedure for testing and classifying microcircuits according to their susceptibility to damage or degradation by exposure to a defined electrostatic Human Body Model (HBM) discharge (ESD).
Journal of Electrostatics | bu.edu/eng/Jestat
The goal of the Journal of Electrostatics is the dissemination of knowledge relating to static electricity. The Journal addresses the interests of physicists, chemists, biologists, electrical, and aeronautical engineers, as well as those working in biotechnology, nanotechnology, and meteorology.
Machine Model (MM) Testing Standard | jedec.org/download/search/22a115a.pdf
This method establishes a standard procedure for testing and classifying microcircuits according to their susceptibility to damage or degradation by exposure to a defined Machine Model (MM) electrostatic discharge (ESD).
International Association of Radio & Telecommunications Engineers (iNARTE) | narte.org | 800-89-NARTE | Medway, MA
Worldwide, non-profit, professional telecommunications association which certifies qualified engineers and technicians in the fields of Telecommunications, Electromagnetic Compatibilty/Interference (EMC/EMI), Product Safety (PS), Electrostatic Discharge control (ESD) and Wireless Systems Installation.
Pre-Pulse Voltage in the HBM ESD Model | conformity.com/artman/publish/feature_248.shtml
Article from Conformity, by Robert Ashton.
Save the Boards - ESD Guidelines | pluginstorage.com/html/save_the_boards.html
From Plug-in Storage® Systems, Inc.
Shocking Shampoo Bottle | esdjournal.com/static/shower/shower.html
This article describes the physics and solutions to a severe consumer relations problem, from ESD Journal, by Dave Swenson - 3M, reprinted from the EOS/ESD Symposium 1997 proceedings.