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About RF Cafe

Kirt Blattenberger - RF Cafe Webmaster

Copyright: 1996 - 2024

Webmaster:

    Kirt Blattenberger,

    BSEE - KB3UON

RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps while tying up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got Mail" when a new message arrived...

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-27 °F in Alpena, Michigan, February 28, 2014

-27 °F (-31 °C) was the low temperature in Alpena, Michigan this morning, February 28, 2014. That was the official measurement at the airport, which is typically a few degrees warmer than here on Long Lake, about 15 miles north of there. I knew from the star-filled sky last night that it was going to be frigid. Without a cloud cover to insulate the Earth, radiative cooling can be quite pronounced, especially in low humidity conditions as found in the desert and frozen-solid, ice-covered ground. Our daytime highs and nighttime lows have consistently been 15 to 20 degrees below the long-term averages since we arrived nearly three months ago - a brutal introduction to northern Michigan. The summer had better better be nice and cool.

 

-27 °F in Alpena, Michigan, February 28, 2014 - RF Cafe

Stefan-Boltzmann Law: P = Aεσ T4

Where: P (watts) is the radiated power from a body of area A (m2), at temperature T (K).

ε is emissivity, a dimensionless number between 0 and 1 that determines the

   efficiency of a body to radiate and absorb energy. A black body has an emissivity

   of 1. Soil, asphalt and human skin have emissivity of about 0.95. The emissivity of

   the clear night sky is approximately 0.74 at 0 °C.

σ is the Stefan-Boltzmann constant, 5.67x10−8 Wm−2T−4

Here is a short tutorial of nighttime radiative cooling, with examples.

 

 

 

 

Posted  February 28, 2014

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