Anatech Electronics April 2021 Newsletter

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Anatech Electronics Header: April 2021 Newsletter


Sam Benzacar of Anatech Electronics, an RF and microwave filter company, has published his April 2021 newsletter that features his short op−ed entitled "A Wall of Interference!" The allusion is to the "wall" of antennas that typically comprises cell tower installations. Each antenna represents a source of potential signal interference for collocated antennas' receivers whose connected front end low noise amplifiers must successfully reject out-of-band signals and/or the inbound spurious mixer products generated by out-of-band signals. Sam also presents some relevant industry news items as well.

A Word from Sam Benzacar

A Wall of Interference!

Anatech Electronics April 2021 Newsletter (Sam Benzacar) - RF CafeBy Sam Benzacar

Co-sited wireless infrastructure is hardly new, but it has recently become extraordinarily dense, thanks not just to 5G deployment but for increasing 4G LTE capacity as well. Take a look at any tower, building, or other structure with cellular infrastructure and you find a wall of antennas. This makes for a nightmare scenario for keeping all the receivers they connect to free from the interference that can potentially overdrive their first-stage low-noise amplifiers.

Of course, modern wireless networks employ a variety of techniques for dealing with this problem, of which RF and microwave filters both inside and outside of the receiver are mandatory. Without a filter to attenuate signals other than the desired ones, the LNA ingests both in-band and out-of-band signals, likely saturating it and in the worst cases destroying it. Even out-of-band signals that should, theoretically, be lower in amplitude than those in the band, when mixed with the desired signals, create intermodulation products. It is a nasty problem, and it is going to get worse as more channels are added in the mid-band spectrum.

Interestingly, while an LNA's stated noise figure may be very low, this "headline spec" refers only to the device itself and not the system in which it is installed. In reality, when the LNA is installed, the picture is very different: The receiver becomes susceptible to in-band out-of-band RF interference and the data sheet spec becomes almost irrelevant. Unless, of course, there is an RF filter installed prior to it, which is why bandpass filters should the first line of defense in any system. Amazingly, receivers in some systems (but not cellular networks) do not have pre-LNA filtering. The "logic" here is that the user will probably install his own bandpass filter, so leaving it out of the receiver lets them reduce its price. That is a risky assumption.

Not surprisingly, solving co-site interference is one of the most frequent problems Anatech Electronics has been solving in its 30-year history, from the early days when towers were not highly populated with antennas to today's complex base stations with multiple wireless carriers on the same tower along with public safety and other services, operating from VHF to 3 GHz and recently up to 6 GHz (and soon to reach higher).

The result of this work is a comprehensive library of filter designs that coverage every band used by wireless, public safety, and Wi-Fi, with very high attention, low insertion loss, and high Q. Our cavity filters deliver the highest rejection in the industry with high power handling capability, and our notch filters eliminate specific sources of interference. So, if you are faced with the increasingly challenging problems caused by co-site interference, we certainly have the solution.

Below are some links to products that helps mitigate interference. Technically RF filters are in most cases specifically designed to remove interference. May it be from a co-site transmitter, Satellites, wireless communication site. May it be the interferer, there always a solution, and they can also be customized to a specific problem.

AT&T Brings 5G to Public Safety Network - RF CafeAT&T Brings 5G to Public Safety Network

AT&T has begun to add 5G capability to FirstNet by upgrading the dedicated FirstNet network core. First responders in Houston have been taking part in a 5G trial and parts of 38 cities and more than 20 venues will gain access to AT&T millimeter-wave spectrum. They will also maintain access to AT&T's commercial LTE spectrum bands. Houston and Cleveland are the first two cities to receive enhanced encryption with nationwide completion by this time next year.


5G Moves into the Edge - RF Cafe5G Moves into the Edge

Verizon Business and Amazon Web Services (AWS) are collaborating to deliver private mobile 5G edge computing to enterprise customers. It will provide dedicated edge compute infrastructure at the user location to enable low latency, higher levels of security, and customization. Corning is the first company to employ these services, integrating Verizon's private 5G networks and private edge platform with AWS Outposts, a managed service that offers the same AWS infrastructure, services and tools to any data center or facility, including factories, warehouses, and large business campuses. The platform avoids requiring the customer to own extensive networking and IT infrastructure.

OTH Radars "Too Numerous to Count" - RF CafeOTH Radars "Too Numerous to Count"

According to the IARU Region 1 Monitoring System March newsletter, over-the-horizon (OTH) radars make up about 60% of all interference, so many in fact that "one cannot even count them anymore". There are a few stations transmitting on varying frequencies as burst systems that transmit for only a few seconds then changing frequency. OTH radar has been a headache for amateur radio operators for decades, and in the 7 MHz (40 m) band in particular play havoc with attempting to conduct even CW communications. Now, they are apparently so numerous that even the best notch filters cannot get rid of them. While Russia's systems have always been the biggest problem, China's burst OTH system is the latest contributor, emitting sounds like a foghorn, according to some irked listeners.

Getting Ready for 5G:

Anatech Electronics introduce New Ka band 30.5 GHz Waveguide Band Pass Filter. Featuring a center frequency of 30.5 GHz, a bandwidth of 1000 MHz, an Insertion Loss 1 dB Max, and a Power Handling is 20 watts.

Ka band 30.5GHz Waveguide Band Pass Filter - RF Cafe

Anatech Electronics Introduces a New Line of Suspended Stripline and Waveguide Type RF Filters

Anatech Electronics Waveguide Filters - RF Cafe

LINKS: Waveguide Bandstop & Waveguide Bandpass 

Anatech Electronics Suspended Stripline Filters - RF Cafe

LINKS:  Suspended Stripline Highpass  & Suspended Stripline Lowpass

Check out Our Filter Products

Anatech Electronics Cavity Band Pass Filters       Anatech Electronics LC Bandpass Filters - RF Cafe       Anatech Electronics Cavity Bandpass/Notch Filters - RF Cafe

    Cavity Band Pass Filters             LC Band Pass Filters           Cavity Bandstop/Notch Filter

About Anatech Electronics

Anatech Electronics, Inc. (AEI) specializes in the design and manufacture of standard and custom RF and microwave filters and other passive components and subsystems employed in commercial, industrial, and aerospace and applications. Products are available from an operating frequency range of 10 kHz to 30 GHz and include cavity, ceramic, crystal, LC, and surface acoustic wave (SAW), as well as power combiners/dividers, duplexers and diplexers, directional couplers, terminations, attenuators, circulators, EMI filters, and lightning arrestors. The company's custom products and capabilities are available at


Anatech Electronics, Inc.

70 Outwater Lane

Garfield, NJ 07026

(973) 772-4242



Posted April 23, 2021