The Thévénin Equivalent of a circuit consists of a Thévénin voltage source in series with a Thévénin resistor and is valid for any load. In AC circuits a Thévénin equivalent circuit is valid for a single frequency.

The Thévénin voltage is the open circuit voltage at the output. calculation is straightforward node or loop circuit analysis. Using loop analysis:

V_{oc}: [8 * I1] + [(8+2+6) * I2] - [6 * I3] = 1 A

I2 = ½A ==> Voc = ½A * 6

Ω= 3 V = V_{th}

Calculate the Thévénin resistance from the open circuit voltage and the short circuit current

(set R_{L}
= 0 and solve for I3) using Ohm's Law.

R_{th} = V_{oc} / I_{sc} = 3 V / [(4/9) A] = 27 / 4 Ω = R_{th}