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RF & Microwave Magazine Article Archive - 2018

RF & Microwave Magazine Article Archive 2018 - RF CafeIf you are like me, you spend a lot of time reading articles from technical magazines. Sometimes I read the entire article, but usually I just scan the text for highlights and look at the schematics, block diagrams, and charts / graphs. Often, I want to go back and find an article but cannot recall where I saw it. A Google search will usually eventually reveal a hyperlink to the article, but a lot of times it takes a lot of digging. Since my key interests are not necessarily the same as RF Cafe visitors, an attempt will be made to catalog all of them. If there is a magazine not included here that you would like me to include in the list, please send me an e-mail and I will try to incorporate its articles, too.

Electronic Design | High Frequency Electronics | Microwave Journal | Microwaves & RF | Microwave Product Digest | Test & Measurement World

Electronic Design


PCI Express Clock Generators, Buffers Prepare for Next Generation

John Blyler

Twin DFT and Mission-Critical Safety Apps for Pre-Silicon Design Verification

Lauro Rizzatti

Living without Halogens and Phthalates: The Why's and How's

Roger Franz

11 Myths About the DDS Standard

Bert Farabaugh

High-Density Applications Demand Precision Analog Devices in Tiny Packages

Paul Pickering

Securing Safety: Infrastructure on Alert

Anura Fernando

"Printed Circuits" May Soon Become Truly Printed

Bill Schweber

Program a PIC Processor In-Circuit Using a 3.3-V Supply

David Conrad

Tester Assesses Automotive Radome mmWave Transparency

Bill Schweber


Silicon-on-Insulator Electro-Optics Yields Advanced Random Number Generator

Bill Schweber

Digital Temperature Sensors - Always a Hot Area

Bill Schweber

Overcome Challenges in Embedded Optical Interconnect Design

Gerald Persaud, David Rolston

Why Special Care is Needed When Fuel-Gauging LiFeP04 Batteries

Georgy Zerkalov, Jason Wortham, and Bakul Damle

GaN Power Transistors: Master Strokes on a Power-Supply Canvas

Paul Pickering

Designing a Discontinuous-Conduction-Mode Flyback Transformer

Craig Lombard


11 Myths About Custom Silicon

Edel Griffith

Detect IGBT Module Defects in Acoustic 3D

Tom Adams

Industry 4.0 Finds New Synergies with a Combination of Diverse Technologies

Paul Pickering

Conquering Underwater-Communication Challenges with Electro-optics, Radar

Bill Schweber

Myths About Formal Verification

Tom Anderson

An Illuminating Look at LED Driving

Lou Frenzel

IoT Displays: Striking the Right Balance Between Functionality and Power

HD Lee

Security in Manufacturing: Closing the Backdoor in IoT Products

Josh Norem

The Rapid Rise of Computer Vision

Badru Agarwala

What's the Difference Between Physical HALT and Virtual Simulation?

Craig Armenti

The Chronicles of GND (Part 3): Push Me, Pull Me - When Supply Currents Go Rogue

Kendall Castor-Perry


Graphene and Gold Merge to Deliver Superior Photodetector

Bill Schweber

Capacitive Touch Switches: The Ideal Mix of Interface, Algorithm, and Connectivity

Bill Schweber

Voltage Reference Bests Zener Diode as Low-Current Bias Source

Robert Hanrahan

Analog: Still Alive and Well

Barry Manz

How to Measure Current, Power for Improved System Monitoring

Lou Frenzel

What's the Difference Between Sound and Unsound Static Analysis?

Claire Dross, Boris Yakobowski

How to Measure Current, Power for Improved System Monitoring

Lou Frenzel

Novel Techniques, Materials Cut Battery-Recharge Cycle Time

Bill Schweber

Power-Supply Design: How Hard Could It Be?

Lou Frenzel


Testing Power Supplies: Small Issues Have Big Effect on Results

Frederik Dostal

MRAM Makes a Move into the Embedded Space

William Wong

Following Rules Might be Better than Machine Learning

William Wong

Why Automotive ECUs Need a High-Performance POL Converter

Nazzareno Rossetti

A Closer Look at the Common Emitter Amplifier and Emitter Follower

Cabe Atwell

Regulator Review: Wring the Best Performance Out of Your LDO

Paul Pickering

A Faster, More Cost-Effective Way to Model High-Performance Motors

John Wanjiku

Will Moore's and Metcalfe's Laws Doom the IoT to the Dotcom Fate?

John Blyler


Selecting Film or Electrolytic Capacitors for Power-Conversion Circuits

Rudy Ramos

Precision Op Amps Yield High-Accuracy Circuits

Lou Frenzel

Power Modules Shrink to Meet Space-Constrained App Demands

Barry Manz

The Expanding Role of Sensors in "Smart" HVAC Systems

Barry Manz

What's the Difference Between Version-Control Systems for Software and Hardware?

Dmitry Vavilkin, Dmitry Zhgenti

MCU Metamorphosis - Adding Analog Circuits On-Chip

Bill Schweber

IoT Sensor Micros Need to Sip Power

William Wong

Fixture vs. Charger Design Tradeoffs when Charging Li-ion Cells

Bob Zollo

These Smart Walls Can't Talk, But They Definitely Can See

Lou Frenzel

Designing for Peak Power in Mobile Electronic Devices

Kevin Murphy

High-Voltage Solutions Take Over HEV/EV Designs

Lou Frenzel


Generate a High-Frequency Magnetic Field Using this Resonant Technique

KC Yang

Digitally Controlled Current Limiter Safely Charges Large Capacitor Banks

Ilija Uzelac

4 1/2 Practical Uses for a Diode

Daniel Bogdanoff

What's All This Rail-to-Rail Amplifier Stuff, Anyhow?

Paul Rako

GaN Devices Power the Next Generation of LiDAR Systems

Paul Pickering

Choosing the Right Automotive Sensor for Throttle Control

Bonnie Baker

Inkjet-Printed Graphene Plus Laser Yields Washable Electronics

Bill Schweber

1,000,001 Things to Do with an Op Amp

Lou Frenzel


Materials Advance May Puncture Silicon-Optical Barrier

Bill Schweber

Low EMI/EMC Emission Switching Converter Eases ADAS Designs

Tony Armstrong

What's the Difference Between Ethernet and Time-Sensitive Networking?

Volker E. Goller

What's the Better Battery for Your Portables - Li Ion or Li Poly?

Danny Rockett

Electronics Still Thrives as a Hobby

Lou Frenzel

How to Create Automatic Direction Control for RS-485 Interfaces

Ward Brown


Graphene Propelled These 4 Power-Related Advances

Cabe Atwell

Cables Be Gone: Wireless Charging Charges On

Lou Frenzel

Combine Pattern Matching with DFM to Optimize Layouts

Sherif Hany

Boost the Run-Time of Portable Electronics with a One-Two Punch

Bo Xu, Eric Pittana, and Nazzareno Rossetti

The Human Touch: Stretchable Electronic Skin Can "Feel"

Bill Schweber

What's All This Reference Stuff, Anyhow?

Paul Rako

Relay-Based ON/OFF Flip-Flop Remembers State During Power Failure

The Future of High-Reliability Electronics

Richard F. Zarr

The Active Clamp Flyback Converter: A Design Whose Time Has Come

Paul Pickering

The Evolution of the Instrumentation Amplifier

Greg Davis


Installing Open-Frame and U-Channel AC-DC Power Supplies

Gary Bocock

Domestic Digitalization: Wireless in Home Applications (Part 2)

Saranjit Gupta

Here Comes the Solid-State RF Energy Evolution

Mark Murphy

What's the Difference Between DC-DC Conversion Topologies?

Bonnie Baker


Li-Fi Brings New Life to Industrial Data Transmission

Dr. Alexander Noack

Ultrasound for IoT Wakeup vs. RF: Lower Power, Smaller Size

Bill Schweber

Dipping in the Hardware Emulation Archives

Lauro Rizzatti

Why Are NVDIMMs Suddenly Hot?

Jim Handy

Testing and Optimizing Efficiency in the Smart Grid

Andrew Cifala  

Domestic Digitalization: Wireless in Home Appliances (Part 1)

Saranjit Gupta

Embedded Programming in the Large

William Wong

Matched JFETs Improve Photodiode Amplifier

Paul Rako

New Standard Redefines VPX Slots

William Wong

Count on Design Software for Millimeter-Wave Automotive Radar and Antenna System Development, Part 2

Dr. Milton Lien, David Vye

What's All This Prototype PCB Stuff, Anyhow?

Paul Rako


Go "Beyond the Shelf" to Find the Right Connector for Your Custom Design

Nemanja Jokanovic

IR-Triggered MEMS Switch Requires Zero Power When Dormant

Bill Schweber

Omni-chassis: An Evolutionary Step in Robotics

William G. Lovell

Count on Design Software for Millimeter-Wave Automotive Radar and Antenna System Development, Part 1

Dr. Milton Lien and David Vye

High Bandwidth Memory: The Great Awakening of AI

Tien Shiah

High Frequency Electronics


What's Next: Exploring Four Innovations' Impact on Radar Technology

National Instruments


Navigating LNA Microwave Integrated Circuits

Peter McNeil


New Phased-Array Antenna Design Tools for MIMO/Beam-Steering Applications

David Vye


A 1:8 Unequal Power Splitter

G. T. Watkins


Concept of Memory in RF Power Amplifiers

Boris Aleiner


USB Power Sensors for Statistical Pulse Measurements

Orwill Hawkins

Compact PA Solution Using Novel GaN Process and Specialized Software



A Non-Linear Analysis of the Saturated MOSFET

Dr. Alfred Grayzel

The Future of High Frequency Resistive Components Is in CVD Diamond

Firooz Faili, Julian Anaya Calvo, Thomas Obeloer and Daniel Twitchen


How to Synthesize and Build a Custom HDTV Antenna

Derek Linden

When Choosing Test Equipment, Don't Forget the Interface

Paul Pickering


Sensitivity and PSRR Enhancement of RF Amplifiers

Michael Hopkins

Affordable Solutions for Testing 28 GHz 5G Devices with Your 6 GHz Lab Instrumentation

Jose Garcia and Miroslav Karas


Advantages of the Doherty Amplifier Configuration

Boris Aleiner

Passives Assist the Very Active

Tom Perkins

Gunn Oscillators:A Reintroduction

Yonghui Shu

Simulated or Measured Performance for Simple Antennas?

Yonghui Shu


An Anomalous Coupling Mode Supports Wide-Band RF Pulses in a High-Q, Narrow-Band Resonator (p. 22)

Lewis Carroll

MIL-STD-1553B: The Past and Future Data Bus (p.28)

Mark Hearn

Let's Warm Things Up (p.34)

Tom Perkins


LoRa Networks Enabling Industrial IoT Applications

Mark Miller

MIMO and Beam-Steering Modeling in NI AWR Design Environment Supports 5G

Dr. Gent Paparisto and Dr. John Dunn

Microwave Journal


Reinventing Radar: The Power of 4D Sensing

Avik Santra, Ismail Nasr and Julie Kim

Evaluating PCB Plated Through Holes For 5G Applications

John Coonrod

Navigating the 5G NR Standards

Sheri DeTomasi


Breaking Through the Cost Barrier for Phased Arrays

Doug Carlson

Designing Ultra-Wideband Small Form Factor RF Signal Recorders

Chris Tojeira

200 W High Efficiency 1.8 to 2.7 GHz GaN HEMT Doherty Amplifiers for Cellular

James Wong, Andrei Grebennikov and Naoki Watanabe

A Ka-Band Low Phase Noise VCO Implemented in 1 μm GaAs HBT Technology

Jincan Zhang, Bo Liu, Leiming Zhang, Jinchan Wang, Qing Hua, Yuming Zhang, Hongliang Lu and Yimen Zhang

Network Synthesis Wizard Automates Interactive Matching-Circuit Design

David Vye


SAW/BAW New Market Entrants Offer New Approaches

Dave Aichele

Optoelectronic Oscillators: Recent and Emerging Trends

Afshin S. Daryoush, Ajay Poddar, Tianchi Sun, and Ulrich L. Rohde

5G Brings New RF Challenges for Handsets

Ben Thomas

A Field-Effect Transistor That Avoids Pinch-Off

Alfred Grayzel

L-Band Microstrip Lowpass Filter with Small Size and Excellent Harmonic Suppression

Amirhossein Ghaderi and Saeed Roshani


Colosseum: A Battleground for AI Let Loose on the RF Spectrum

Ashish Chaudhari, David Squires, and Paul Tilghman

Linearity Improved Doherty Power Amplifier Using Ferroelectric Ceramics

Shiwei Zhao, Yuehang Xu, and Zhenfeng Yin

Push-Push Oscillators Operating at G-Band Using InP DHBT Technology

Wang Xi, Muhammad Asif, Tong Zhihang, Jin Zhi, and Su Yongbo, Zhao Hua, Ding Wuchang and Ding Peng

Measuring Differential Noise Figure

Jon Martens


A High Linearity Doherty Power Amplifier Using Tunable Loaded Capacitor CMRC

Shiwei Zhao and Xiaosen Dai

Spatial Multiplexing for 5G Wireless Communications

Honglei Chen and Rick Gentile

Why Vpeak is the Most Critical Aperture Tuner Parameter

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.


Design Platforms Maximize Performance and Reduce Time-to-Market

Patrick Hindle

Design of an Ultra-Wideband Combline "Brick Wall" Filter

Morten Hagensen, Kristian Lotz, Kim Vienberg, and Jesper Trier

New Symbolically Defined Model for InP Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors

Yuhua Qi, Zhao Shen, and Rulong He


Ultra-Cool GaN on Diamond Power Amplifiers for SATCOM

Felix Ejeckam, Ty Mitchell, Kris Kong and Paul Saunier

Aluminum-Diamond Metal-Matrix Heat Spreaders for GaN Devices

Kevin Loutfy

Diamond-Silver Composite Packaging for GaN Space Applications

Richard Mumford

Designing A Broadband, Highly Efficient, GaN RF Power Amplifier

J. Brunning and R. Rayit

Overcoming the Challenges of mmWave, On-Wafer Load-Pull Measurements for 5G

Richard Hilton and Steve Dudkiewicz


RF GaN on Si Meets CMOS Manufacturing

Tim Boles and Ferdinando Iucolano

Advanced GaAs Integration for Single Chip mmWave Front-Ends

David Danzillio

Design of Broadband High Efficiency Power Amplifiers Based on Series Continuous Modes

Qirong Li, Songbai He, Zhijiang Dai and Weimin Shi

A Compact Microstrip Lowpass Filter with Harmonic Suppression

Chun-Ping Ge, Yong-Qin Liu, and Yan Dou

UWB 16-Way Hybrid Coaxial/Ring Cavity Power Divider with Low Insertion Loss

Yu Zhu, Kaijun Song, Shunyong Hu and Yong Fan

Advanced GaAs Integration for Single Chip mmWave Front-Ends

David Danzillio

A 20 GHz Low Phase Noise Push-Push VCO in InGaP GaAs HBT Technology

Jincan Zhang, Bo Liu, Leiming Zhang Ligong Sun, Yuming Zhang, Hongliang Lu and Yimen Zhang

Metamaterial-Based Planar Compact MIMO Antenna with Low Mutual Coupling

Jie Li, Jia-Bei Zhao, Jia-Jun Liang, Lin-Lin Zhong and Jing-Song

Precise Frequency Sources Meeting the 5G Holdover Time Interval Error Requirement

A. Kotyukov, Y. Ivanov and A. Nikonov

5G Update: Standards Emerge, Accelerating 5G Deployment



Design of a Single Chip Front-End Module for 28 GHz 5G

Stuart Glynn, Robert Smith, Liam Devlin, Andy Dearn and Graham Pearson

Ultra-Low Phase Noise Oscillators with Attosecond Jitter

Andreas Gronefeld

Design of Highly Linear FET Resistive Mixers

Matthew S. Clements, Steve E. Avery, and Richard Barber


The Future of Automotive Radar Testing

Matt Spexarth

Combining MMIC Reflectionless Filters to Create UWB Bandpass Filters

Radha Setty, Brandon Kaplan, Matt Morgan, and Tod Boyd

Time Domain Channel Compensation Suitable for Wideband Digital Predistortion

Bin Song, Songbai He, Jun Peng, and Wenman Zou

Two-Layer Stacked Microstrip Cylindrical Conformal Antenna Array With Cross Snowflake Fractal Patches

Lei Xin, Kaiyuan Cao and Xiaoqing Yang


5G Fixed Wireless Access Array and RF Front-End Trade-Offs

Bror Peterson and David Schnaufer

All-Silicon Active Antennas for High Performance 5G/SATCOM Terminals

David W. Corman

Microstrip Defected Ground Structures Without Radiation Loss Using Multilayer PCB Technology

John Coonrod


Evaluating 77 to 79 GHz Automotive Radar Radome Emblems

Steffen Heuel, Tobias Köppel and Sherif Ahmed

Antenna Technologies for the Future

Pat Hindle

Progress and Challenges of Test Technologies for 5G

Zhengbo Jiang, Wei Hong, Nianzu Zhang and Chao Yu, and Tianze Su

Meeting High-Power and High Frequency Challenges with Adhesives and Potting Compounds

Venkat Nandivada and Rohit Ramnath

Microwaves & RF


Algorithms to Antenna: Increasing Angular Resolution Using MIMO Radar

Rick Gentile

A Brief Tutorial on Microstrip Antennas (Part 2)

Kenneth V. Puglia


Take the Guesswork out of Discrete Circuit Design

Chris DeMartino

Algorithms to Antenna: Waveforms for 5G, 802.11ax, and NB-IoT

Rick Gentile

Overcome Challenges in Embedded Optical Interconnect Design

Gerald Persaud, David Rolston

Designing Cavity Filters for the 5G Network

Jiyoun Munn

A Brief Tutorial on Microstrip Antennas (Part 1)

Kenneth V. Puglia

Circuit Materials Secure Automotive Safety Systems

Joey Keller


Dissecting a 5G 28-GHz Phased-Array Transmit Chain

Jack Sifri

A Selected History of Receiver Innovations Over the Last 100 Years (Part 2)

Brad Brannon

Algorithms to Antenna: Modeling Polarization in Radar and Wireless Systems

Rick Gentile

Assemble Antennas with 3D Printing

Glenn Robb


Realizing 5G Sub-6-GHz Massive MIMO Using GaN

David Schnaufer, Bror Peterson

Algorithms to Antenna: Synthesizing an Antenna Array with Optimization Techniques

Rick Gentile

5G Hype vs. Reality: Overcome These Challenges to Achieve "Real" 5G Deployment

Arun Mulpur

Radar Technology Beams Toward the Next Frontier

Chris DeMartino


Perform Cost-Effective Antenna Radiation Measurements

Miroslav Joler

Block EMI/RFI with Shields and Filters

Jack Browne

Power Dividers: Basic Tools Designers Can't Live Without

Steven Pong

Planar UWB Antenna Includes Two Notches

Ahmed A. Ibrahim and Mohamed M. Boghdady

The Wheatstone Bridge: How Does It Impact VNA Measurements?

Brian Walker


Evolving 5G Landscape Creates New RF Challenges

Ben Thomas, Scott Vasquez

Algorithms to Antenna: Visualize Antenna-Array and SINR Patterns on a Map

Rick Gentile

Building a Zero-Order BPF with CRLH Transmission Lines

Mahmoud A. Abdalla, Ashraf Y. Hassan, Ahmed A. Ibrahim

Metamaterials Mold Multiband Resonator

Ahmed F. Daw, Marian N. Adly, Mahmoud A. Abdalla


Brushing Up on Network Analyzer Fundamentals

Chris DeMartino

Algorithms to Antenna: Reducing Signal Distortions - PA Characterization with DPD

Rick Gentile

A Primer on Pulsed Measurements

Chris DeMartino

Develop Repeatable RF Measurement Methods

Kamaljeet Singh and A.V. Nirmal


Overcome Message Collisions in Satellite Automatic ID Systems

Swetha G M 1, Hemavathy K, S. Natarajan

Wireless Bandpass Filters Build on Metamaterials

Ahmed A. Ibrahim, Mahmoud A. Abdalla, and Adel B. Abdel-Rahman

Algorithms to Antenna: Massive-MIMO Hybrid Beamforming

Rick Gentile

Transparentize Connections for 5G and WiGig Testing

Bill Rosas

Fast Numerical Analysis of Scattering and Radar Cross Section

Jiyoun Munn

Noise Can Tell Much About Material

Jiri Polivka


What's the Difference Between OCXOs and TCXOs?

Rob Rutkowski

Millimeter-Wave Automotive Radar Testing Must be Flexible

Jeff Harris

Tackle the Intricacies of 5G

Chris DeMartino

5 Steps to Antenna Matching Using a Portable PC-Based VNA

Dylan Stinson

What Role Will Millimeter Waves Play in 5G Wireless Systems?

Jack Browne

SIW Filter Doubles as Balun to mmWave Frequencies

Dr. Bouchra Rahali

Are There Too Many Short-Range Wireless Standards?

Lou Frenzel


Why Plastic-Packaged MMIC PAs May be Essential for 5G MIMO Base Stations

Stephan Maroldt and Mariano Ercoli

Algorithms to Antenna: Understanding Subarray Tradeoffs in Large Antenna Arrays

Rick Gentile

CRLH TLs and SIRs Lead to the Incredibly Shrinking Antenna

Mahmoud A. Abdalla, Sameer Kumar Sharma, and Zhirun Hu

Handling the Heat: Materials Make the Difference

Jack Browne

Dive into EM/Circuit Co-Simulation of a T/R Front-End Module and Actively-Scanned Array, Part 1

John Dunn


How Low (in Frequency) Can You Go?

Lou Frenzel

Using Conductive Printed 3D Plastic Parts to Sense Motion

Bill Schweber

Comparing Narrowband and Wideband Channels

Jack Browne

Rotman Lens' Electronic Beam Steering Aims At 5G Signals

Mike Gleaves


Tiny Microstrip Antenna Covers WLAN, LTE, and WiMAX

Ahmed Boutejdar, Mohammad A. Salamin, Soumia El Hani

Understanding 5G and IoT RF Systems with Off-the-Shelf Components

How-Siang Yap

Wireless Technology: The Existential Necessity of Life

Lou Frenzel

Algorithms to Antenna: Achieve System Performance Goals with Less Hardware

Rick Gentile

Count on Design Software for Millimeter-Wave Automotive Radar and Antenna System Development, Part 1

Dr. Milton Lien and David Vye

RF/Microwave Technology Helping Power EVs and HEVs

Jack Browne

Taking Steps to Boost Power Amp Efficiency

Jack Browne

Microwave Product Digest


Signal Analysis Tools for 5G NR Must be Efficient and Flexible

Anritsu Company

Advantages of Pseudo-Omni Antennas for Densification/Internet of Things Applications

Brian L. Wixon


Which Wireless Technologies will Power the SMART Grid?

Colin Newman

PCB Import Wizard in NI AWR Software Accelerates EM Verification of Complex Board Structures

AWR Group, NI

GaN Power Amplifiers Serving Satellite Industry on Multiple Levels


Addressing Phase Noise in Direct Downconverters and Radar Systems with New LPNA MMICs

Custom MMIC

Fast and Efficient RF Amplifier Design Using LINC2 Automated Circuit Synthesis

Dale D. Henkes, ACS  


Multiband Radios for Next-Generation Wireless Base Stations

John Oates

Small Loop Antenna Matching for Minimum Sensitivity

Jaakko Juntunen


Hybrid & Electric Vehicle DC/DC Converter Design and Test Challenges

Mike Hawes

MMIC Die Testing Made Easy with Ultra-Wideband 0 dB Attenuator (Thru-line) Dice

Radha Setty

New Differential Noise Figure Measurement Approach Addresses High-Frequency, High-Bandwidth Applications

Anritsu Company


Powerful Efficient GaN Solid-State Power Amplifiers

Heidi Thelander

GaN's Role in 5G

Fairview Microwave

Prismatic 3V Supercapacitors Enhance Performance with Wearables, Sensors, Coin Cells and Energy Harvesters

Pierre Mars


RF Converters Enable Efficient Multiband Radios for Next-Generation Wireless Base Stations

John Oates

Filters and the Problem of RF Pollution

Steven Pong


Design of 1 kW GaN Solid-State Power Amplifier at 2.45 GHz

Avtar Virdee and Bal Virdee

The Design of Multi-Chip SMT Front-End Modules for mm-Wave 5G Applications

Graham Pearson, Liam Devlin and Mike Geen

Power Supply Management of GaN MMIC Power Amplifiers for Pulsed Radar

David Bennett and Richard DiAngelo


Gunn Diode Waveguide Oscillators


Pierce-Gate Crystal Oscillator, a Revisit

Ramon M. Cerda


Ultra-Wideband, Low-Loss Couplers for Cable TV and Broadband Access Systems (DOCSIS® 3.1)


Connectors Keep Pace with Millimeter-Wave Advances

Dan Birch

X-band: GaAs vs GaN Efficiency Tradeoffs

Grant Wilcox


Methods of Suppressing PIM in Multicarrier Systems

Steve Ellis

Improved DAC Phase Noise Measurements Enable Ultra Low Phase Noise DDS Applications

Peter Delos and Jarret Liner

Rapid Model-Based Evaluation Board Success for a 160W L-Band GaN PA

Rached Hajji, Kim Tran, Larry Dunleavy, and Laura Levesque


A Low Loss, Remote Radar Target Simulator (LRTS)

Joe Mazzochette

Wideband Frequency Modulation Applications and Techniques

Dr. Ronen Holtzman

Highly Integrated RF and Digital Architectures: Challenges, Benefits and Acceptance

Lorne Graves

Test & Measurement World


The Connector is Often the EMI Problem

Eric Bogatin

5G Buildout Will be More Involved Than We've Been Led to Believe

Brian Santo


Voltage Transfer: Give Me Low Output Impedance

Bob Witte

Circuit and Component Models: Get Them Right

Charles Hymowitz


Power Transfer and Phase Basics

Bob Witte

5G Moves Forward, One Topology at a Time

James Kimery


VNAs Measure More than Components

Martin Rowe

Measure Phase Difference with an Oscilloscope

Arthur Pini

Beam Steering: One of 5G's Components

Bill Schweber


EMI Emissions Testing: Peak, Quasi-Peak, and Average Measurements

Dorine Gurney

Measuring Powerful Laser Output Takes a Forceful Approach

Bill Schweber

WCCA: Lack of Rigor Will Cost You

Charles Hymowitz

Making Impedance Measurements in SPICE

John Dunn


Hypnotizing Test engineers with Figures of Dubious Merit

Ransom Stephens

Will 5G be reliable?

James Kimery

Why Worst-Case Circuit Analysis is Challenging to Perform

Charles Hymowitz


Evaluation of Measurement Techniques for High Speed GaN Transistors

Suvankar Biswas, David Reusch, and Michael de Rooij

The Case of the Oscillating Oven

Gerald Gusdorf

Solder-Wick Trick Characterizes Bypass Caps

Istvan Novak


Five Unintended Benefits of 5G

Larry Desjardin

Construct a 56 Gbaud PAM4 Signal Source

Jeb Binkley and Alexander Katsman

The Emergence of 112G PAM4 for Cloud Data Centers

Steve Taranovich

How is a Light Source's Spectrum Measured?

Yoelit Hiebert

FemtoAmp Offers Extreme Gain Range & Isolation

Stephen Woodward

Is 5 nm Testing the Same or Different?

Robert Ruiz

Thermal Study Exposes PSU Improvements

Michael Dunn


MIMO and Beamforming: Papers Tell the Story

Martin Rowe

How to Relate Eye-Mask Tests to BER

Ransom Stephens

Trigger an Oscilloscope, Get a Stable Display

Arthur Pini

Analyze Post-Equalization ISI with Pulse Response

Ransom Stephens


TDECQ Measurements Replace Mask Testing in PAM4 Optical Signals

Kan Tan and Prashanth Thota

Wi-Fi Testing: More Than Compliance

Martin Rowe

Video Killed the Energy Star: Why 5G Must Use Less Power

Larry Desjardin

High-Speed Digital: 112 is the New 56

Martin Rowe

Spectrum Analyzer Provides Swept and Real-Time Measurements

Martin Rowe


How to Avoid Measurement Mistakes

Martin Rowe

Reveal Die-Level Signals with Two-Pronged Attack

Chang Fei Yee

Trend and Track: Two Useful Oscilloscope Diagnostic Tools

Arthur Pini

Anritsu Test Equipment - RF Cafe

About RF Cafe

Kirt Blattenberger - RF Cafe Webmaster

Copyright: 1996 - 2024


    Kirt Blattenberger,


RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps while tying up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got Mail" when a new message arrived...

Copyright  1996 - 2026

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