December 1970 Popular Electronics
Wax nostalgic about and learn from the history of early electronics. See articles
published October 1954 - April 1985. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.
Here is a fairly simple quiz
on AC circuit analysis. If you are not already comfortable with adding series and parallel
circuits containing resistors, capacitors, and inductors, you will appreciate the simple
formula presented that will keep the sweat level down ;-) OK, pick up you pencils...
Quiz on AC Circuit Theory
By Robert P. Balin
Voltage measurements made in a series ac circuit seldom add up as simply as they do
in a dc circuit. You may even find the voltage across a coil or capacitor to be greater
than the supply voltage! Nevertheless, Ohm's Law and Kirchhoff's Law do apply, and careful
measurements will show that the supply voltage and the various voltage drops around a
series ac circuit are related in an unusual way: the square of the supply voltage is
equal to the square of the difference between the voltage on the coil and the voltage
on the capacitor, plus the square of the voltage on the resistor.
This relationship, (VTotal)2 = (VL - VC)2
+ (VR)2,can be used to find any unknown voltage if all others are
In parallel ac circuits, the currents add up the same way as voltages do in a series
ac circuit. Brush up on your ac theory and see if you can solve the missing voltage or
current in the circuits below. Where necessary, the voltages and currents are related
by the 3:4:5 ratio to provide easy, whole number answers. Only simple algebra is required.
Vectors, phasors, and quadratic equations are not necessary to find the solutions.
(See answers below)
See answers below.
Popular Electronics published many quizzes over the years
- some really simple and others not so simple. Robert Balin created many of the quizzes.
This is a listing of all I have posted thus far.
Angle Quiz - September 1967
International Electronics Quiz - July 1967
- Bridge Circuit
Quiz -December 1966
- Diode Function
Quiz - August 1965
- Diagram Quiz, August
- TV Trouble Quiz,
- Electronics History Quiz,
- Scope-Trace Quiz,
Circuit Analogy Quiz, April 1973
Your Knowledge of Semiconductors, August 1972
- Ganged Switching
Quiz, April 1972
- Lamp Brightness
Quiz, January 1969
- Lissajous Pattern Quiz, September 1963
Quizoo, October 1962
- Electronic Photo Album Quiz, March 1963
- Electronic Alphabet Quiz, May 1963
- Quiz: Resistive?
Inductive? or Capacitive?, October 1960
- Vector-Circuit Matching Quiz, June 1970
Quiz, September 1961
- RC Circuit
Quiz, June 1963
- Diode Quiz,
- Electronic Curves Quiz, February 1963
- Electronic Numbers Quiz, December 1962
- Energy Conversion Quiz, April 1963
Function Quiz, June 1962
Electronics Measurement Quiz - August 1967
- Meter-Reading Quiz,
Geometry Quiz, January 1965
Factor Quiz, November 1966
Math Quiz, November 1965
- Series Circuit Quiz,
Electrochemistry Quiz, March 1966
- Electronic Analogy
Quiz, November 1961
Coupling Quiz, August 1973
- Electronics Analogy Quiz, August 1960
- Audio Quiz,
Unit Quiz, May 1962
Capacitor Circuit Quiz, June 1968
- Quiz on AC Circuit Theory, December 1970
- Magnetic Phenomena Quiz, February 1962
- Electronics Geography Quiz, April 1970
Electronic Menu Quiz, August 1963
- Electronic Noise Quiz, August 1962
- Electronic Current Quiz, October 1963
- Electronic Inventors Quiz, November 1963
Function Quiz, January 1962
- Electronic Measurement Quiz, January 1963
Tube Quiz, February 1961
- Kool-Keeping Kwiz, June
Circuit Quiz Answers
1. (10)2= (8)2 + (VR)2; VR = 6V
2. (20)2= (7+VC)2+ (12)2; VC = 9V
3. (24)2= (VL-6)2; VL = 30V
4. (15)2= (350-350)2+ (VR)2; VR = 15V
5. (VT)2= (15-3)2+ (16)2; VT = 20V
6. (50)2= (VL)2+ (12)2= (VC)2+ (12)2;
VL = VC
(VT)2= (VL-VC)2+ (12)2; VT = 12V
7. (IT)2= (6)2+ (8)2; IT = 10 mA.
8. (20)2= (16-IC)2+ (16)2; IC = 4 mA.
9. (IT)2= (17-13)2+ (3)2; IT = 5 mA.
10. (9)2= (40-4-IC)2; IC = 7 mA.
Posted June 21, 2013